You don't need a prototype or minimum viable product (MVP) to get a patent. However, having one certainly helps to obtain the patent. Prototypes can help you to describe your invention adequately, making it more likely to get a patent.
You don't need a prototype or MVP to get a patent if you can describe your invention with enough details. Patent drawings and extensive descriptions can help in the process. When your idea is wholly described as a tangible thing, it becomes a patentable invention.
There are several reasons why you don't need a prototype for your patent application.
The costs of building a prototype are high.
You don't want to produce the actual invention.
Your goal is to license your patent to others.
The technology of your invention is uncomplicated, and it is easily understandable only through patent drawings and patent documentation.
Of course, having a prototype is always better than not having one. If you have a prototype, it helps the patent examiner to understand your invention better. It also adds value to your patent on the market. There are many other benefits of having a prototype, but ultimately, you don't need one to file for a patent.
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